Official Country Name: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
National Day: 2 September 1945
The National Flag of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam has the shape of a rectangular with its width being equal to two-thirds of its length, red background and a five-pointed yellow star in the middle. The red fl ag with yellow star appeared for the fi rst time in the Nam Ky Uprising (23 November 1940). This fl ag was recognized as the National Flag of Viet Nam by the Decree signed by President Ho Chi Minh on 5 September 1945 and was adopted as the National Flag of Viet Nam by the First National Assembly (at its first session) on 2 March 1946.
The National Emblem of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam was approved by the First National Assembly (at its fifth session in September 1955). The National Emblem is circular in shape with red background. The five-pointed yellow star in the middle symbolizes the
revolutionary history of the nation. The surrounding rice ears symbolize agriculture. Half a cogwheel symbolizes industry and below is the inscription "Socialist Republic of Viet Nam".
The song "March to the Front" was composed by Van Cao (1923-1995) in late 1944. Soon after its release, the song became the official song of the Viet Minh Front. Later, it was approved by the First National Assembly (at its first session) to be the National Anthem of Viet Nam.
Area: 331.051,4 km2
Population: 85.789.573 people (as of 1 April 2009)
New Year: 1 January
Tet Nguyen Dan (Lunar New year): four-day holiday (last day of the old year and three first days of the new year in Lunar Calendar)
Hung Kings Worshiping Festival: 10 March in Lunar Calendar
Reunification Day: 30 April
International Labor Day: 1 May
National Day: 2 September
Hanoi, Capital of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, is the political, economic and cultural centre of the country. Throughout the history, Hanoi was Viet Nam's capital invarious dynasties. In 2010, Hanoi will celebrate the 1,000th Anniversary of Thang Long – Hanoi (in 1010, King Ly Thai To issued a proclamation of transferring the capital from Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh) to Thang Long - Hanoi today).
Hanoi has an area of 3,300 sq km and population of around 6.44 million people - one of the 17 largest capital cities in the world in terms of area.
The budget travel & cheap tours in Vietnam 2007 - 2013